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Everything you ever wanted to know about Nice and the French Riviera
MORE FACTS ABOUT NICE
- top French airport after Paris with nearly 10 million passengers, 57% from abroad,
- top French airport for low cost traffic with 20 airlines.
- top tourist destination in France after Paris with nearly 4 million visitors a year, representing 1% of worldwide turnover in the sector of tourism and 1,5 billion euros in economic impact.
- 1 visitor to Europe in 100 spends at least one night in Nice.
- top convention city in France after Paris with Acropolis, several times voted best European Convention Centre and certified ISO 9001,
- top French cruise port with 365,000 passengers in 2005 (plus ferry traffic),
- top hotel facilities in France after Paris, accounting for one-third of accommodation capacity with nearly 200 hotels offering more than 10,000 rooms,
- top concentration of municipal museums after Paris with 19 museums and galleries,
From prehistory to modern days
The key periods in the city’s history have left their mark on its long rich existence. The remains of occupation at Terra Amata, the ‘beloved land’, include prehistoric hearths over 380,000 years old, while the Lazaret Cave has preserved traces of human life some 150,000 years ago.
Nice is descended from a Greek city; in the 4th century BC, Phoceans from Marseille established a trading post called Nikaïa (‘victory’) at the foot of what is now the Castle Hill.
Three centuries later, the Romans, desirous of establishing surveillance on the passage of the Alps between Italy and Spain, became interested in the strategic position of Nice. They founded Cemenelum, headquarters of the military government of the Alpes Maritimae, today’s district of Cimiez.
In 813, the Saracens ravaged the town as they extended their influence throughout Provence whence Count Guillaume the Liberator ousted them in 972. Nice entered a period of profound change in which today’s fêtes and traditions are rooted. In 1388, the city sought the protection of the House of Savoy, becoming their privileged maritime outlet.
In 1706, in the reign of French King Louis XIV, Nice was annexed to France. But in 1713, the Treaty of Utrecht returned Nice to Victor-Amédée of Savoy, newly crowned King of Sicily, and subsequently King of Sardinia. In 1792, the French Revolutionary troops again invaded the city, which was returned to the Kingdom of Sardinia in 1814.
In 1860, the people of Nice voted massively to join the Second French Empire in a plebiscite. This date marks the starting point of unprecedented economic development: new roads, railway in 1864, spectacular demographic growth and construction of all sorts, etc.
The Louis Nucéra Library
Located on Promenade des Arts with its entrance
under the Museum of Modern and Contemporary
Art (MAMAC), the Louis Nucéra Library is a fine
example of daring creativity. This library is a vast
10,000 m2 area all on a single level decorated in
warm mahogany, red and ochre hues, presided over
by the huge ‘square head’ designed by Sacha Sosno.
The University of Nice Sophia-Antipolis
The University of Nice Sophia-Antipolis, founded
in 1965, offers departments in all sectors of higher
learning, except Pharmacy. There are nearly 35,000
students and 1,300 teachers in the Medical and
Law Schools and the Economics, Social Science
and Science Divisions, as well as over 200 related
structures and research centres.
Religious architecture also expresses all this variety, forming an exceptional architectural complex.
The Cathedral (Sainte-Réparate), Gésu church, Saint Rita’s church and the Penitents’ chapels, especially Chapelle de la Miséricorde - a veritable jewel - all attest to the highly specific baroque art developed in Nice from the 17th to the 19th centuries.
Cours Saleya is one of the liveliest parts of Old Nice. A ‘must’ for all tourists, it
is above all a major meeting point for the local population. The Flower Market is
held there every day except Monday, from 6am to 5:30pm. The subtle fragrances
of the flowers and plants, many from the greenhouses on the hills surrounding
Nice, are dominated by that of the mimosa in winter. The Fruit and Vegetable
Market was selected by the National Council of Culinary Arts as one of the most
exceptional markets in France. The Antiques Market (Marché à la Brocante)
replaces the fruit and vegetables under their striped awnings on Mondays from
7:30am to 6pm, except on holiday eves. From June to September, an Arts and
Crafts Market livens up Cours Saleya every evening, along with painters displaying
Place du Palais de Justice, a wonderful example of successful renovation, is host to theme markets: the Antique and Used Book Market on the 1st and 3rd Saturday of each month from 8am to 6pm and the Old Postcard Market on the 4th Saturday of each month.
The Fish Market is held at Place Saint-François every morning except Monday, from 6am to 1pm. Bogue, red mullet, sea bass, sardine, forkbeard and even poutine (tiny fry caught for only one month in the year), can be admired in stalls with regional products offered with the fishermen’s cheeky humour.
The city of astrology, in all 15 buildings which are particularly representative of 19th
century architecture and science on 35-hectare grounds, was built in 1881 by Charles
Garnier -Opera of Paris- with the engineer Gustave Eiffel -of Eiffel Tower fame- for
the dome. All the buidlings are listed historical monuments.
Currently, you can visit on Wednesday and Saturday for a two hour tour. The tour begins at 2:45. Take the Nice bus 84.
A jewel of local heritage, the Observatory is famous on several counts : scientific, techniocal, architectural, historical and also ecological. It also houses an impressive collection of instruments from the 19th and 20th centuries.
The great lense, the largest working-model in the world in diameter, fourth in length, led to discoveries in astronomy and space, as well as in optical instrumentation, and generated considerable activity. Constantly forward-looking in research, the team is working on numerous international collaboration programmes, in particular with Colombia University, Boston OCA or theSmithsonian Institution.
Promenade des Anglais
In the 19th century, the English (Anglais) made Baie des Anges their favourite winter
haunt, offering their name to the world’s most famous ‘Promenade’, cleared at the instigation
of the Reverend Lewis Way. It provides Nice with its identity as an aesthetic
seaside resort between the sea and palm trees.
Here and there, pergolas, built in the spirit of the Belle Époque, provide welcome shade in the shelter of which it is possible to contemplate the sea seated on the legendary ‘blue chairs’ redesigned by Jean-Michel Wilmotte.
From spring to autumn, fifteen private beaches greet holidaymakers with a wide range of services including relaxation with parasol and lounge chair, restaurants, a lot of sports... In summer, monumental sculptures are exhibited on the Promenade. One Sunday a month, Promenade des Anglais is reserved for strollers, roller skaters, cyclists and horse-drawn carriages.
Antique shops near the Port
The concentration of antique shops between the Port and Rue Ségurane provides a
wealth of rare or original objects... The Flea Market (Marché aux Puces) on Quai Lunel,
though less luxurious, is just as exciting for tracking down antiques.
The Opera House
The programmation is an harmonious blend of the world premiere of contemporary works
and the rediscovery of operatic gems. A lot of international collaborations existe with
others Opera houses.
The Philharmonic Orchestra with its 120 musicians, the choirs, ballet corps and “Diacosmie”, unique in Europe, a facility where some sixty craftsmen create sets and costumes to provide the Opera House with the means for its creative ambitions.
Destroyed in a fire in 1881, the Opera house was rebuilt, inspired by the style of Charles Garnier. It is now a listed historic building. The red and gold Italianate decoration of both houses received the most illustrious personalities: Napoleon III, Tsar Alexander II, Ludwig II of Bavaria.
“La Cuisine niçoise” is unique
Summary of Museums in Nice
A very complete collection of Chagall paintings, gouaches, engravings, sketches, lithographs and stained-glass windows.
Address: Ave du Docteur Ménard (just outside the Voie Rapide, where the Bvd de Cimiez starts up the hill; across from the
Conservatoire de Musique).
Cimiez Museum of Archeology
Musée et Site Archeologiques de Cimiez
At the site of Roman Cemenelum at Cimiez, this museum presents the tools, sculptures, pottery, engravings, jewelry and coins found here, and includes the outside excavations of the ancient baths and other buildings. Address: 160 avenue des Arènes; in the lovely red building with trompe-l'oeil facades inside the park area.
Cimiez Monastery and Franciscan Museum
Address: Place du Monastère (Cimiez, past the east end of the park)
In a 17th-century convent, still an active monastery. The museum shows the Franciscan way of life from the 18th century.
The 15th-17th century church contains documents and artwork, including three paintings by Louis Brea.
The park and flower gardens are beautiful and peaceful, and have a nice view of the Paillon valley.
Fine Arts Museum
Musée des Beaux-Arts (Musée J. Chéret)
Italian 17th-century and French 18th-century paintings, and 19th-century paintings and sculptures. Address: 33 ave. des Baumettes (west of Bvd Gambetta and Bvd Franço;is Grosso, between the Promenade des Anglais and the Voie Rapide)
This museum now houses the Dufy collection and the Alexis and Gustav Adolf Mossa collections, previously in the Dufy Museum-Gallery and the Mossa Museum-Gallery.
Lascaris Palace Museum
Musée des Arts Decoratifs Baroque
This "museum" is in the 17th-century Genovan-style palace residence of the Lascaris-Ventimille family. The palace itself, with its monumental staircase, is worth the visit, and the old furnishings and collections are an extra. A new addition (2005) of ancient musical instruments of Nice. Address: 15 rue Droite (in the middle of the old town, off Rue Rossetti)
Massena Art and History Museum
Musée d'Art et d'Histoire
The Musée Massena has an excellent collection of paintings, furniture, decorations, weapons, uniforms and other artifacts that give a good feeling for the history of the Nice-Piémont region. Address: 35 Promenade des Anglais; 65 rue de France (between rue de Rivoli and rue Meyerbeer) Recently renovated: Grand reopening March 1, 2008!
Includes Matisse's personal collection. Matisse lived in Nice from 1917 until his death in 1954. Address: 164 ave des Arénes de Cimiez, in the Cimiez park, just to the right of the red Archeology museum building, "below ground".
The nr 15 bus is free between the museums Chagall, Matisse, and Cimiez-Archeology; get a bus pass at any of these three museums.
Modern and Contemporary Art Museum
Musée d'Art Moderne et d'Art Contemporain
American and European avant-garde art from the 1960s to the present. Address: Promenade des Arts (in the "promenade" between the bus station and the modern Acropolis center)
Naive Art Museum Anatole Jakovsky
A wonderful collection of naive art in an old manor house on park-like grounds. The collection, donated to the city in 1982 by Mr. and Mrs. Anatole Jakovsky, shows the progression of naive art from the 18th century. Address: Chàteau Sainte-Hélène, avenue Val-Marie (about half way out the Promenade des Anglais towards the airport, and on the north side of the Voie Rapide)
Natural History Museum
Museum d'Histoire Naturelle
Presents the natural history of our earth from the beginning. Four separate rooms are dedicated to birds, fungi, geology and mineralogy. Includes a natural-science library (free entry, by request). Address: 60 bis, bvd Risso; Entry via the archaeological site, ave Monte Croce (between Place Garibaldi and Rue Barla)
Galerie de la Marine
A spacious museum with wood parquet floors and beautiful ship models, period-piece nautical instruments, arms, engravings and paintings. There's a great view of the sea and the beaches of Nice, from the roof-top terrace or the portholes of the museum. A powerful telescope provides an amusing view of the beach. Address: Tour Bellanda, up 214 steps (or by elevator) at the Port end of the seaside (Colline du Chateau)
Prehistoric Museum of Terra Amata
Musée de Terra Amata - Prehistoire
This museum displays an "in situ" exhibition of prehistoric man. The elephant hunter's camp displayed here, actually discovered in the center of Nice, is so life-like it makes you feel like you are there with them. Address: 25 Bvd Carnot; just off the Bvd. Carnot, a couple of blocks past the port in the direction of Villefranche-Menton.
Prieuré du Vieux Logis
An old manor house built in the exact style of a rural Dominician priory. The contents on display include 14th-16th century furniture and regional items.
Address: 59 ave Saint Barthélémy (the north part of Nice, a couple of blocks west of Bvd Gorbella; near the Villa Arson)
Russian Church - L'Eglise Russe
This Russian Orthodox Cathedral (1903-1912) is one of the most beautiful ever built outside of Russia, similar to St. Basel's in Moscow. The interior is ornate and exotic, and includes items commemorating the Grand Duke Nicolas Alexandrovitch who died in Nice in 1865 Address: Bvd Tzarewitch
This lovely red 18th century villa is an international art school (with artists in residence) and center for contemporary art. This lovely red 18th century villa is an international art school (with artists in residence) and center for contemporary art. Address: 20 ave Stephen Liégard (the north part of Nice, a couple of blocks west of Bvd Gorbella; near the Prieuré du Vieux Logis)
Asiatique Art Museum
Musée des Arts Asiatiques
Contains ancient and modern items from the Chinese, Japanese, Cambodian and Indian civilizations; housed in the only European building by Kenzo Tange.
Photography and Image
Theatre de la Photographie et de l'Image Charles Nègre
Opened in this permanent site in 1999. Address: 27 Bvd Dubouchage (3 blocks east of Bvd Jean Médecin, at the corner or Rue Alberti)
Galerie des Ponchettes
Find out about Project and Fair Promise
LE PALAIS NIKAIA
Nikaïa, the zénith of Nice
The region’s largest multipurpose hall, the glass structure of Nikaïa has brought international stars back to the French Riviera to give world-class concerts. It has seen the return of the likes of Elton John, Supertramp, Peter Gabriel, Red Hot Chili Pepper, Charles Aznavour, Patrick Bruel and many more.
Indoor concerts can have up to 8,000 spectators, but it is possible to hold outdoor events with 25,000 seats, thanks to the reversible stage, for fabulous performances by Luciano Pavarotti, Johnny Hallyday, U2 (53.000 people) or more recently the Rolling Stones (50,000 spectators), but also organize far more grandiose shows.
The Old Town
Wandering through the narrow shaded streets of Old Nice to steep oneself in its soul is an internationally recognized imperative. This neighbourhood with its tangle of streets and brightly coloured façades reflects the style and hues of the architecture of the days of the Kingdom of Sardinia. The daunting task of restoring the buildings has succeeded in preserving the city’s unique character.
The 17th-century Palais Lascaris, today a museum of folk art and tradition, the Courthouse (Palais de Justice), built in 1892, and completely modified internally in 2000, the old Prefecture, formerly the Sardinian Kings’ palace, the former Town Hall (Palais Communal) and former Senate illustrate the diversity and wealth of the Old Town’s architecture.
Veterans Memorial in Nice
The cities of Mediterranean France all have very large, artistic memorials -- it seemed almost like a contest of sorts to produce the best one. Of those, I must give the node to Nice for its massive bullet-shaped memorial built into the cliffs over Nice's old harbor. Made of mostly white marble, this bright memorial can be seen from far across the harbor. See some pictures from Armistice Day November 11 2007
Rocher du Chateau: This rock rises 300 ft. above the port and the old town. It gets its name from a ruined Savoyard fortress of which nothing remains. There is an impressive war memorial on the quai to the 4,000 Niçois killed in WW I. It was dedicated by Maréchal Foch. In free time, you can have a superb view from the top of the rock, reached on foot or by a lift.
Ceparou06is a new travel resource for information about getting around the Alpes-Maritimes.
See a presentation on the Nice, France tramway extensions including a movie based on Deputy-Mayor Estrosi's Tramway Line 2 presentation September 26, 2011. This East-West Tramway will be completed in 2017.
Marina at Nice: Pilotene Turns a Sailing Ship
It's amazing to watch this relatively small boat turn/push a bigger one. It also goes out into the
open sea with relative ease. Find out more about the
Port of Nice.
Find out about Action Engines and Fair Promise
Tramway Nice Côte d’Azur
You will like
Tramway de Nice
History of the tram in Nice
Open House at the Tramway Maintenance Center
Startup of the Tram
Extension of the tram
Tramway Inauguration November 24, 2007
The Tramways in the Mountains
Other sites you will like are
Nice, Côte d’Azur
Communauté d'Agglomération Nice Côte d'Azur
and Gare SNCF Nice Ville
FRANCE: NICE WILL OPEN TRAMWAY LINE 2 in YEAR 2017!
In a surprise move, Nice Mayor Christian Estrosi changed his mind about running Line 2 up the Promenade des Anglais and instead went with a plan that provides an 8.6 kilometer "tram/metro" with 3.6 kilometers below ground. It will cost €'450,000,000 and carry 110,000 - 140,000 daily passengers. It will run between Gare de Riquier and new? Gare Multimodal Saint-Augustin.
Boulevard Rene Cassin / Avenue Californie at the Champion/Carrefour food market has a tramway in its future.
Fifty-three years after the closure of the Tramway de Nice et du Littoral, the Tramway de Nice began to serve its Northern and Eastern sections. 2007 saw the completion of Line 1 serving the North-South needs of the city. Line 2 now addresses the East-West needs. This WebSite will be updated continuously until completion of Line 2 in Year 2017.
|Penitent Chapels in Nice: Rouge/Red (left) and Noir (Black) right|
Archfraternity of the Holy Cross (White Penitents)
Holy Cross Chapel
2, rue Saint-Joseph, Vieux-Nice
Completed and dedicated in 1767. The Baroque facade was perhaps added in 1875, during the most important restoration of the chapel.
The White Penitents were founded in Nice in 1306, specifically in charge of bringing relief to the sick. The Black Penitents (Archfraternity of Mercy) was founded in 1329 and has their chapel on Saleya. Their chapel was started in 1740, completed in 1831 and improved in 1876. The Blue Penitents (Archfraternity of the Very Holy Sepulchre) was founded in 1431 and has been in their chapel on Garabaldi Square since 1785. The Red Penitents (Archfraternity of the Very Holy Trinity) was founded in 1824 from a merger of three organizations dating from 1579, 1583 and 1620.
Military Bands parade in Nice: At left: France's elite 27th Mountain Infantry Brigade. At Right, Fanfare Des Carabiniers Du Prince Monaco.
Military Bands parade in Nice: At left: French Navy Band From Toulon. At Right, leaderOfThe Parade from the artillery museum in Draguignan
Military Bands parade in Nice: At left: French '75' Artillerie, probably the most famous artillery ever developed (. developed in 1897, used into WW2, improved versions still in use). At Right, bringing up the rear (as they historically do), the famous French Foreign Legion
Traveling in Europe?
This is only one of the sites you will see at the annual Biot Medieval Festival.
Supply Chain Management Control Towers
Control towers are used in many industries for different purposes: airports and railroads use them for traffic control; power plants have control rooms to monitor operations; and third party logistics providers use them to track transportation activities. These are places where operations run well. Why not a
“SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT CONTROL TOWER"in order to monitor and assure your supply? Talk to us, we build them!
So just what is an SCM Control Tower? What are the functions of a Supply Chain Control Tower? Who staffs your Supply Chain Management Control Tower?
If you use an EDI VAN for your business, this message is for you. Move past the ancient VAN technology. JWH EDI Services Electronic Commerce Messaging System will bring your EDI operation into the 21st Century. The power of our global EDI network is available on your server, your cloud platform or your application. AND you cannot beat our prices.
You can connect and communicate with all your customers and trading partners through the JWH EDI Services Electronic Commerce Messaging System - Connect with trading partners around the world on a single Network-as-a-Service platform, get real-time transaction visibility and eliminate those manual network processes. It is a pay as you need model. We track all interchanges from the moment they enter the system, along every step across the network, and through the delivery confirmation.
How can we help you? Contact us: Ken Kinlock at email@example.com
Green Bug on the Promenade in Nice; freighter in Port of Nice; baie des Anges at sunset; official boats in Port of Nice (police, etc)
3PL / 4PL / 5PL / 6PL Definitions
In every EDI application, knowledge of the business needs and functions is of paramount importance. If you don't understand a "purchase order" or a "load tender" or a "health care claim or encounter" you'll never be able to map the ANSI or EDIFACT EDI data format for these transactions. In my experience, logistics is the toughest because of the many, many unrelated (by ownership) parties who need to be in the loop.
EDI started out simply. The manufacturer sent an EDI Purchase Order to the supplier. Gee boss, we are on EDI!!! Now we wanted to "automate" the link to the trucker or rail carrier that brought the part into the factory. Yup! Can do; but they have their own EDI format. OK, done! But were we really linked with all parties?
The manufacturer changed his concept. He started getting sophisticated. He started issuing blanket Purchase Orders and ordering his product through a Material Release. The Advance Ship Notice followed shortly. But the suppliers and the shipping companies started getting sophisticated too. But they were not all in synch....and forget about parts imported into the country.
Time to go back to school on that whole transportation thing.
Golf in Nice and the French Riviera
Golf in Northwest France
Golf in Laurentides / Laurentians Region of Quebec
Golf in the Montréal area
The U.S. Open
Golf Courses on Google Earth
The PGA Tour
European Golf Tour
World Golf Championships
Canadian Golf Tour
We are working on our list of Golf Hotels and Resorts
Some of these are well known because of PGA Tour events held there. Pinehurst; The Greenbrier; and Pebble Beach certainly belong in this catagory. Others are located in towns with even more than golf as an attraction. In this Category is The Otesaga in Cooperstown, New York; Basin Harbor Club on Lake Champlain.
Old Mercedes riding on the Promenade des Anglais in Nice; an original VW on the Promenade des Anglais; The Pilotene Triton and other boats at rest in the Port of Nice; Volkswagen The Thing on Promenade des Anglais
Garbage Trucks, the environment needs them!!!
What is EDI?
Blogs about EDI and eCommerce
EDI with the Government
Electronic Commerce Communications Providers
EDI and EC Vendors
EDI Project Management
History of EDI
Unique Global Identity for EDI Messages
Who wrote all this good stuff?
Fort Agnes was an important part of the "Southern Maginot Line". It defended France from invasion from Italy. Find out about these amazing forts that survived World War 2 and the Cold War
|Our HAND TOOL WebSite is intended in aiding you to locate HAND TOOL suppliers. You may search by product or by manufacturer. We add both products and manufacturers, so keep checking back. In addition we are a full service MRO (Maintenance, Repair and Operational Supplies) supplier. If you are in the construction or farming business, we are your source.|
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Interchange to Everywhere
A portal to the World. The Global Highway leads everywhere! Follow it to wherever you might want to go. We have something for everyone! Travel and Penney's greatlinks!
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|Nice, France There's always something doing in Nice!||The towns East of Nice, including Monte-Carlo||Menton The undiscovered secret of the French Riviera||Towns West of Nice, including Saint-Tropez, Cannes, Antibes/Juan-les-pins|
|Getting to the Riviera: railroad, ferry, airline||Hotels and Vacation Homes on the French Riviera||Golf on the French Riviera and great golf equipment||Cruises .|
The Three Graces statue in Nice, France
Beauty, Mirth, and Good Cheer
Merry-Go-Round in Nice, France
Quai des États-Unis, Cours Saleya
Animal statue in Nice, France
Musée d'art et d'histoire Masséna (from Rue de Rivoli)
Musée d'art et d'histoire Masséna (from Promenade des Anglais)
Greenland's ice caps are melting! Find out more about Global Warming at our Ominous Ecology WebSite.
|See KC Jones BLOG about Railroad History We cover New York Central, New Haven Railroad and other Eastern Railroads.||See Penney Vanderbilt BLOG about Golf and Vacations, especially on the French Riviera We have a lot about Nice, France. Not only do we cover golf on the French Riviera, but also Northwest France, Quebec, Golf Hotels and THE US Open|
|See Ancienne Hippie BLOG about Railroad History|
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